Boston Symphony Orchestra
The Boston Symphony Orchestra is an American Symphony Orchestra in the city of Boston. The Orchestra plays in the Boston Symphony Hall, which, due to the room acoustics to the world's best concert halls is counted.
The Boston Symphony Orchestra was founded in 1881 by Henry Lee Higginson. The Orchestra soon after collapsing famed conductors such as Arthur Nikisch (1889-1893) and later Pierre Monteux (1919-1924). From 1900 one plays in Symphony Hall, the first concert hall which was designed on the basis of scientific acoustic research. Especially under the leadership of Serge Koussevitzky (1924-1949) the Orchestra grew to become one of America's best orchestras. The BSO is traditionally reckoned to the Big Five .
From among the members of the Orchestra was formed in 1885 the Boston Pops Orchestra under Arthur Fiedler that generations of Bostonians during promenade concerts to classical music (light) in relaxed atmosphere. The Boston Pops are also known by the movie music that John Williams as conductor of this Orchestra composed for Steven Spielberg and took up with the Boston Pops.
Koussevitzky founded the Berkshire Music Centre, the forerunner of the current Tanglewood Music Centre, where each year different musical summer courses take place. Many now famous musicians participated or led these courses (under the latter the Dutch conductor Reinbert de Leeuw). Koussevitzky gave different composers commissioned to write new compositions, including Sergei Prokovjev (Symphony No. 4), Igor Stravinsky (Symphony of Psalms), Maurice Ravel (Piano Concerto in G), Béla Bartók (Concerto for Orchestra) and Paul Hindemith (symphonic music for strings and wind instruments). He then gave the Orchestra at anniversaries composition commands, such as the Divertimenti for Orchestra by Leonard Bernstein. Also Henri Dutilleux, Roger Sessions, Elliott Carter and Andrzej Panufnik wrote in this context compositions.
After Koussevitzky worked the Japanese conductor Seiji Ozawa long time with this Orchestra (1973-2002). In 2003, his successor James Levine as the first American conductor. Among the conductors of the Orchestra after collapsing name that regularly include in particular William Steinberg, Charles Munch, Erich Leinsdorf, Colin Davis and to call Bernard Haitink ; also all they made recordings with the Orchestra. Since 1970 the Orchestra has its own choir, the Tanglewood Festival Chorus.
Among the first members of the Orchestra included many Russian musicians. Under Monteux, Munch and Henri Rabaud was already under a somewhat French Orchestra sound. Very characteristic to the Orchestra is the shining harmony of the horn section that takes full advantage of the acoustics of Symphony Hall.
- James Levine (2002–)
- Seiji Ozawa (1973–2002)
- William Steinberg (1969–1972)
- Erich Leinsdorf (1962–1969)
- Charles Munch (1949–1962)
- Serge Koussevitzky (1924–1949)
- Pierre Monteux (1919–1924)
- Henri Rabaud (1918–1919)
- Karl Muck (1912–1918)
- Max Fiedler (1908–1912)
- Karl Muck (1906–1908)
- Wilhelm Gericke (1898–1906)
- Emil Paur (1893–1898)
- Arthur Nikisch (1889–1893)
- Wilhelm Gericke (1884–1889)
- George Henschel (1881–1884)