|Stylistic origins||Acid house [Citation needed] • Chiptune • Electro • Electroclash • French house • Hi-NRG • House • Pop • Synthpop • Tech house|
Late 1990s–early 2000s, |
Europe, Japan, United States
|Typical instruments||Drum machine, Keyboard, Personal computer, Sampler, Sequencer, Synthesizer|
|Derivative forms||Complextro • Dutch house • Fidget house • Moombahton|
Electro house is a subgenre of house music influenced by 1980s music. Its origins are obscure, with sources claiming varying influence from 1980s-electro, electroclash, pop, synthpop, and tech house. It has subsequently become a hard form of house music. The term has been used to describe the music of many of the world's top DJs, such as David Guetta, deadmau5, Skrillex and Tiësto.
Electro house, sometimes resembling tech house, typically retains elements of house music and can incorporate electro-influenced synths and samples. It often has a "dirty" bass sound created from saw waves with compression and distortion.
The exact origins of the electro house are uncertain. The genre has sometimes been seen as a fusion genre of electro and house, or a term created from using "electro" as an adjective (meaning "futuristic" or "hard") for "house". Another claim is that it comes from a mix of electro, pop, and tech house, or electroclash, synthpop, and tech house. French house, by artists such as Justice and especially Daft Punk, has also been considered a strong influence.
Use of the term dates to at least as far back as 1998, when it was used to refer to tracks with both electro and house influences by artists such as Afrika Bambaataa ("Planet Rock '98") and Run-D.M.C. vs. Jason Nevins ("It's Tricky (Jason's Nevins Radio Edit)"). Earlier tracks by bands such as Basement Jaxx in 1997, Arrivers in 1996, and Sublime in 1993 have also been retroactively labelled as electro house. The 1992 chiptune video game soundtrack for Streets of Rage 2, composed by Yuzo Koshiro, features tracks combining house music with "dirty" electro and is considered ahead of its time.
Mr. Oizo's 1999 hit "Flat Beat" has also been considered an early example of the genre, along with "Satisfaction" in 2002 by Benny Benassi, who is seen as a forerunner of the genre who brought it to the mainstream. Other electro house producers who emerged in the early 2000s include David Guetta and Yasutaka Nakata. By 2005, the genre saw an increase in popularity. In November 2006, electro house tracks "Put Your Hands Up For Detroit" by Fedde Le Grand and "Yeah Yeah" by Bodyrox and Luciana held the number one and number two spots, respectively, in the UK Top 40 singles charts. Since then, electro house producers such as Avicii, deadmau5, Knife Party, and Skrillex have emerged and become increasingly popular.
Complextro is typified by glitchy, intricate bass-lines and synth leads created with many instruments in quick succession. The term, a portmanteau of the words "complex" and "electro", was coined by Porter Robinson to describe the sound of his music. He has cited video game sounds, or chiptunes, as an influence on his style of music along with 1980s analog synth music. Other prominent producers of the genre include Crookers, Skrillex, Uppermost, and Wolfgang Gartner.
Fidget house, or fidget, is "defined by snatched vocal snippets, pitch-bent dirty basslines and rave-style synth stabs over glitchy 4/4 beats." It contains influences from Baltimore club, bassline, Chicago house, Kuduro, rave, UK garage, US hip hop and world music. Prominent artists include The Bloody Beetroots, Crookers, Danger,[Citation needed] Hervé, Sinden, and Switch. The term fidget house was coined by DJs/producers Jesse Rose and Switch, "as a joke, which has now gone a little too far."
Dutch house, often nicknamed dirty Dutch, is a style of electro house that originated in the Netherlands. It is primarily defined by complex rhythms made from Latin-influenced drum kits, a lower emphasis on basslines, and squeaky, high-pitched lead synths. Influences on the subgenre include Madchester, hip hop, Detroit techno, and other urban styles of music. Prominent artists include Afrojack, Chuckie, Hardwell, Switch, and Tiësto.
Moombahton is a mixture of Dutch house and reggaeton. Its identifying characteristics include a "thick, spread-out bass line; some dramatic builds; and a two-step pulse, with quick drum fills", but it has "no real rules beyond working within a 108 bpm range." A portmanteau of "moombah" and "reggaeton", moombahton was created by DJ Dave Nada when he slowed down the tempo of the Afrojack remix of the Silvio Ecomo & Chuckie song "Moombah" to please party-goers with tastes in reggaeton. Other prominent producers of the genre include Dillon Francis, Diplo, and Munchi.
Moombahcore is a style of moombahton with influences from dubstep and electro house outside of Dutch house. Characteristics of the genre include chopped vocals, dubstep-influenced bass sounds, and extensive build-ups. Artists who have produced moombahcore include Knife Party and Skrillex.
See also Edit
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 angry. Eric Prydz - Eric Prydz presents Pryda. inthemix. Retrieved on June 5, 2012. “But even more defining was the ‘80s aesthetic, one of the key inspirations behind the explosion of electro house in 2005.”
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 Music Definitions - House music : styles. DJ Cyclopedia. 3345. “Electro house : Sometimes resembles tech house, but often influenced by the 'electro' sound of the early 1980's, aka breakdancing music, via samples or just synthesizer usage.”
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Electro House. Tumblr. Retrieved on June 12, 2012. “It was in the early 2000s when a big movement of electroclash being mixed with synthpop. Meanwhile, tech house was also becoming more known and gaining some serious buzz. When the two were combined that is when Electro House came to be the way it is now. ... 'Satisfaction' was one of those songs that people would have stuck in their head for days. This song still continues to receive a lot of attention even now. It won world wide rewards as well as make Benny Benassi the father of Electro House.”
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Error on call to Template:cite web: Parameters url and title must be specifiedmusic2electro. . HubPages. “Many people want to to find out exactly where did this style of music emerge from. There isn't any factual evidence to prove anything. As with most music history, it isn't certain. ... It is noted that about ten years ago there was a large revolutionary time in electro music being mixed with pop. At the same time tech house was gaining popularity. When the two were mixed that is when Electro House came to be the way it is now.”
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 Electro Man. Quick Introduction to Electro House Genre. Electronic Music Blog!. Blogger. Retrieved on June 12, 2012. “It was in the early 2000s when a big movement of electroclash being mixed with synthpop. At the same time tech house was gaining popularity. With the right events happening at the right times, the two came together [to form electro house].”
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 Lopez, Korina. Electronic dance music glossary. USA Today. Retrieved on May 17, 2012. “Electro: 'It's meant so many things in the last 30 years. Originally, it meant futuristic electronic music and was used to describe Kraftwerk and Afrika Bambaataa. Now, it means hard electronic dance music.' Electro can be used as an adjective, such as electro-house and electro-pop.”
- ↑ Top 100 DJs 2011. DJMag.com. Retrieved on June 5, 2012.
- ↑ Suhonen, Petri (2011-10-11). "How To Create Electro House Style Bass". How to Make Electronic Music. http://howtomakeelectronicmusic.com/how-to-create-electro-house-style-bass-with-3xosc. Retrieved 2012-08-17.
- ↑ Electro House (Russian). oXidant. Retrieved on June 5, 2012. “Electro House - это смесь двух стилей Electro и House.”Template:Verify credibility
- ↑ Electro House. Polystar. Eurodance Hits. Retrieved on June 5, 2012.
- ↑ The Urban Haze EP. Beatport. Retrieved on June 10, 2012.
- ↑ Arrivers - Dark Invader. Beatport. Retrieved on June 10, 2012.
- ↑ Transamerican. Beatport. Retrieved on June 10, 2012.
- ↑ McNeilly, Joe (April 19, 2010). Game music of the day: Streets of Rage 2. GamesRadar. Retrieved on July 28, 2012. “Streets of Rage 2’s revolutionary 1992 soundtrack was ahead of its time ... It’s an amazing blend of swaggering house synths, dirty eletro-funk and trancey electronic textures ...”
- ↑ Flat Beat. Beatport. Retrieved on June 10, 2012.
- ↑ Satisfaction. Beatport. Retrieved on June 10, 2012.
- ↑ Perfume Interview (Japanese). bounce.com (2008-02-07). Archived from the original on 2008-12-09. Retrieved on June 2, 2009. (English translation)
- ↑ UK Top 40 Hit Database. everyHit.com. Retrieved on August 25, 2012.
- ↑ Lester, Paul (1 September 2011). Skrillex (No 1,096). New band of the day. The Guardian. Retrieved on August 25, 2012. “... Skrillex, a 23-year-old electro-house/dubstep producer ...”
- ↑ 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3 Barboza, Trenton. What is Complextro? An Emerging Genre Explained. Voices. Yahoo!. Retrieved on June 25, 2012. “The genre's name is a combination of the words 'Complex' and 'Electro' creating 'Complextro.' Producing this form of music is incredibly intricate and often requires a large amount of instruments that are layered close to each other within a piece of music sequencing software. This often results in a glitch, giving the genre its unique feel. ... Complextro is slowly gaining worldwide popularity due to high profile electronic producers such as Skrillex, Porter Robinson, and Crookers.”
- ↑ 21.0 21.1 Nutting, P.J. (April 21, 2011). Electronic Music... through 18-year-old eyes. Boulder Weekly. Retrieved on June 25, 2012. “Like conducting for a punchy electro orchestra, each 'instrument' gets a moment of focus before leaping to another, uniting them all in a compelling way. YouTube generation musicologists have dubbed this sound 'complextro' (a mash-up of 'complex' and 'electro') ...”
- ↑ 22.0 22.1 22.2 Complextro. Reddit. Retrieved on June 25, 2012. “This music is complex, hence the name, with artists producing basslines/leads that are very intricate sometimes involving 8+ different synth sounds per 2 bar loop. Artists like Uppermost & Wolfgang Gartner [are] pioneering the genre.”
- ↑ 23.0 23.1 Tweet by Porter Robinson. “when i made [the word 'complextro'], i wanted a portmanteu to describe my sound. complex+electro=complextro. it has since became the name of the style:)”
- ↑ Hurt, Edd (June 28, 2012). Electro wunderkind and self-described 'complextro' Porter Robinson recognizes no technological constraints. Nashville Scene. Retrieved on July 28, 2012.
- ↑ 25.0 25.1 25.2 McDonnell, John (September 8, 2008). Welcome to the fidget house. Music Blog. The Guardian. Retrieved on June 26, 2012. “... fidget house - a joke term made up a few years ago by Switch and Jesse Rose. ... Fidget producers like to think of themselves as global music connoisseurs, hand-picking bits from genres such as Chicago house, rave, UK garage, US hip-hop, Baltimore club, Kuduro and other 'authentic' world music genres.”
- ↑ Jesse Rose Interview. DJMag.com. Retrieved on June 26, 2012. “We came up with 'fidget house' as a joke, which has now gone a little too far.”
- ↑ Dutch House Music. Retrieved on August 19, 2012.
- ↑ Dirty Dutch (17 Jul 2012). Dirty Dutch moves from RAI to Ziggo Dome. Retrieved on August 3, 2012. “Known for their fusion of musical genres such as house, hip-hop, electro, urban and techno showcasing both Dutch and internationally acclaimed artists alike, the Dirty Dutch events have escalated to accommodate the huge demand, consistently selling out to tens of thousands of partygoers.”
- ↑ Yenigun, Sami (18 March 2011). Moombahton: Born In D.C., Bred Worldwide. The Record. NPR Music. Retrieved on August 25, 2012. “... Moombahton is a cross between Dutch house music and reggaeton.”
- ↑ 30.0 30.1 Fischer, Jonathan L. (December 24, 2010). Our Year in Moombahton: How a local DJ created a genre, and why D.C.'s ascendant dance scene couldn’t contain it. Washington City Paper. Retrieved on November 17, 2011. “The sound has a few basic identifying characteristics: A thick, spread-out bass line; some dramatic builds; and a two-step pulse, with quick drum fills.”
- ↑ 31.0 31.1 Patel, Puja. Hot New Sound: Moombahton Goes Boom!. Spin. Retrieved on February 16, 2012. “Nada says Moombahton has 'no real rules beyond working within a 108 bpm range.' ... Munchi, a 21-year-old Dutchman who released heavily club-influenced Moombahton tracks ...”
- ↑ 32.0 32.1 Moombahcore. Freaky Loops. Loopmasters. Retrieved on August 25, 2012. “The sound proved irresistible on the dance floor – slow and sexy like reggaeton, but hard-edged like electro house even dubstep at the same time. ... Characteristics of the Moombahcore; chopped vocals, monster dubstep basses, extended and enhanced build-ups and the introduction of fat kicks and percussion elements.”