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Emile Berliner (Hannover1851 - May 20, Washington D.C.August 3, 1929) was a German-American electrical engineer and inventor of Jewishdescent.

He emigrated to the United States in 1870 and came right there at the Bell Telephone Company . There he developed the sound reproduction technique considerably by both Edison's phonograph as his microphone to improve.

The fonograafrol he replaced by a flat plate with grooves in spiral shape, so that the sound waves no longer vertically but horizontally in the so-called Berliner Scripture were recorded. Also he found more suitable material for the plates, namely a zinc plate covered with wax.

For the operation of his inventions to Philadelphia he founded the Berliner Grammophone Company on.

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