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"Hurricane" is a protest song by Bob Dylan. He wrote the folk rock number in collaboration with Jacques Levy and took it from July to October 1975 on. "Hurricane" is about the questionable way condemned African American Boxer Rubin "Hurricane" Carter, who also is depicted on the cover of the single. The song was released as a single in november 1975 by Columbia Records in January 1976, and served it as opening song of Desire, the seventeenth studio album by Dylan. [1the production lay in the hands of Don DeVito, who also the albums Hard Rain (1976) and Street-Legal (1978) produced. [2]


[hide]*1 Background


The story[Edit]Edit

Carter was in 1967 along with John Artis to three life sentences convicted of complicity to triple murder. In the early morning of June 17, 1966, in a café, called ' Lafayette Grill ', in Paterson (New Jersey),[3a total of five people shot at. Bartender Jim Oliver and Jim Ropars and Fred Nauyoks died, but Hazel Tanis and Bill Marins survived the violence. [4Marins, also called William Marins called, was hit in the head and lost an eye as a result. When he continued performing live in the hospital was Carter inflicted to him. According to Dylan he would have stated that Carter was not the offender: "The wounded man looks up through his one dyin ' eye. Wha'd Says, "you bring him in here for? He ain't the guy! "" (Dutch: the wounded man looked on by his dying eye.Saying, "why have you brought him here? He is not the guy! "").

One of the main witnesses was Patricia Graham Valentine, who lived across from the café. On 10 May 1967 she took during a court hearing report of her experiences. They would be awakened by a few loud bangs, which they described as "slamming the café doors". Another important witness was Alfred Bello. He would have heard the shots when he ran towards the bar to buy cigarettes. [4In the song text is accused along with Arthur Dexter Bradley Bello checkout to have plundered.

The emergence of "Hurricane"[Edit]Edit

After Bello and Bradley in september 1974 confessed to have committed perjury , the process was reopened. [5Dylan is to write "Hurricane" inspired by reading the autobiography of Rubin Carter, The Sixteenth Round. Carter had sent him "because of Dylan's earlier involvement in the African American civil rights movement". [6In 1975 Dylan Carter visited in prison. [5After this encounter, he began writing the song. [7at the time of the Rolling Thunder Revue, a series of concerts where among others Joan Baez and Roberta Flack were part of, two benefit concerts for Carter. [8Although these performances, with the name Nights of the Hurricane, no money for operation by the high cost of round, maintained comparatively much publicity. [9In 1976 followed a retrial in which Carter was found guilty again.

Carter has always denied all the blame. He is, just like Dylan, believe that his convictions came out of the racist attitude of the authorities. [8The jury consisted entirely of whites at the time of the first sentence: "TheD.A. said he was the one who did the did. And the all-white jury agreed ". Dylan in the song made frequent use of exaggeration, making his story on some points differs from the reality. Patty Valentine complained to him in 1983 for defamation , privacy violationand unlawful publication of her name. They felt that they in the song text was presented as if they participated in a conspiracy with Bello and Bradley, but she was in the unsuccessful.

In 1985 was still Haddon Lee Sarokinreleased after Carter, judge at the Federal Court of New Jersey, in november ruled that there had been an unfair judicial process. [10Sarokin said about the convictions the following: "Based on racism rather than reason and concealment rather than disclosure". (Dutch: "more based on racism than rationality and more on secrecy than public disclosure"). Three years later, this decision in appeal maintained. [11]


In the 1999 biographical film adaptation appeared The Hurricane, in which Denzel Washington played Carter. It was the number of Dylan as film music used. Carter wrote the screenplay.

Five years later, Carter Innocence International , an organization dedicated to unjustly convicts and other victims of judicial errors.

"Hurricane" is on almost all compilations of Dylan, but he has the number no longer performed live since the Rolling Thunder Revue in 1976. [7]


The list below is incomplete.

Chart Positions[Edit]Edit

Radio 2 Top 2000[Edit]Edit

Number (s) with markings

in the Radio 2 Top 2000

' 99 ' 00 ' 01 ' 02 ' 03 ' 04 ' 05 ' 06 ' 07 ' 08 ' 09 ' 10 ' 11 ' 12 ' 13
Hurricane 144 56 56 66 83 60 66 70 55 61 58 58 70 95 73

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