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Over the Rainbow (also known as "Somewhere Over the Rainbow") is a song composed by Harold Arlen, E.Y. Harburg the text came from. The song was written for Judy Garland, to sing in the film classic The Wizard of Oz. It became the most famous song by Garland[source? ].

The simple text leave a young girl, that wants to escape from the "hopeless mishmash" of the world, away from the sad rain drops, the beautiful new world "beyond the Rainbow". It allows the hope of opening a door to a place where problems disappear.

Along with the song "White Christmas" by Irving Berlin , the song was by the American troops in Europe during the Second World War, adopted as a symbol for the United States. The (at that time) distant country, where, after years of war, just as would be like over the Rainbow.


[hide]*1 The Wizard of Oz

The Wizard of Oz[Edit]Edit

[1][2]Judy Garland in The Wizard of Oz(1939)

An ancient story tells that this classic from the movie was extracted after showing a preview of the movie, because the boss of MGMLouis b. Mayer, thought that the song from the movie the pace would pick up. Much of the music in the film radiates more energy from, in contrast to these "sweet Melody". Because the music of the song, however, often in the film returned, including in the credits, was removing the number of short duration. Harold Arlen and film producer Arthur Freed talked back to the boss so that the number appeared in the film.

A part of the song is from the movie. A verse would be sung while Dorothy (Judy Garland) locked up in the castle of the witch, sat helpless waiting for her death. A rehearsal of this scene was included in the Deluxe CD set. By the end of the verse is Dorothy unable to sing, and ends in tears with the words "I'm frightened, Auntie Em; I'm frightened! ".

This sentence was followed by the appearance of Auntie Em in the crystal ball of the witch, after which the witch community starts to laugh, in-camera, directly towards the public.

This portion of the film was seen as too emotional, after which it was removed from the film. The younger viewers would be spared from emotions.

Original recording[Edit]Edit

Judy Garland recorded "Over the Rainbow" for the soundtrack of the movie on October 7, 1938. In 1939, the year that the Goliath was torpedoed by the Germans, a single of the song came from. In March 1940, the same recording used for an album of the film. Garland sang the song always fit on the music without it. They sang it just like in the movie, because they say so close to the character Dorothy remained, that the message of the place over the Rainbow could as well.

It was only in 1956 was the true soundtrack released by MGM. The outcome of the soundtrack was vindicated at the premiere of the film on tv. The soundtrack was released again still more frequently in subsequent years.


The song is often referred to as "Somewhere Over the Rainbow", although the correct title "Over the Rainbow". The introduction of the song, which is not in the film is used, is often used during Theatre versions ofThe Wizard of Oz. Use this intro also singers, probably to extend the duration of the song. The second verse of the song was, as mentioned above, erased. Instead sang Dorothy just again the first verse. The only time the second verse was sung was on the recording of "The Wizard of Oz In Concert", where singer Jewel performed the song. Also in theatre performances is the second verse Sung, yet it is an unknown piece of text for many.


The song was covered a number of times, including by p! nk Marusha (happy hardcore 1994), Gene VincentFrankie LymonIngrid MichaelsonIsrael Kamakawiwo'oleFrank SinatraAriana Grande and GleeGuns N ' Roses also has an instrumental version for this album Chinese Democracy that eventually not on final album. And on 26 February 2011 Laura Omloop sang the song in the 'Kom op tegen Kanker' show on One. In 1965, the song was the second single from The Cats, it was not a hit.

Eva Cassidy[Edit]Edit

Eva Cassidy made an own version of the song, and performed it on "Blues Alley", a night club in Georgetown. This performance was recorded by her boyfriend Bryan McCulley. Five years after the death of Cassidy this recording was shown during Top of the Pops, a tv show in the United Kingdom. The producer Mark Hagen had his doubts about the broadcasting of the images because the quality quite amateurish. Yet the movie brought a huge stream of comments to weigh. People flooded the studio with phone calls about who this unknown Eva Cassidy was.

In which the song is used[Edit]Edit

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In movies[Edit]Edit

In television series[Edit]Edit

  • The Muppet Show (1976-1981) season 3, episode 7 (Guest: Alice Cooper), sung by Robin the Frog (Kermit's nephew)
  • Goliath Awaits (1981)
  • Mafiosa -like intro the entire second season (2008)
  • Glee (2010)

In documentaries[Edit]Edit

  • BBC South Pacific-as intro
  • BBC The Story of The Jews

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