The Philadelphia Orchestra is an American Symphony Orchestra in the city of Philadelphia. This Orchestra, founded in 1900, is one of the best known and best American orchestras. The Orchestra is traditional to include the Big Five .
At its foundation in 1900 wealthy citizens of Philadelphia had the intention to spare no effort to create the world's best Orchestra. Philadelphia should no longer lag behind cities like Boston, Chicago and New York where orchestras existed for some time. One searched diligently for good musicians and a conductor by name: one would complete in 1905 even the trombone section of the Concertgebouw Orchestra have wanted to emigrate to strengthen to the Orchestra. The first conductor was the German Fritz Scheel, who remained until 1907. His successor Karl Pohlig conducted the Orchestra until 1912. In that year, Leopold Stokowski , who in almost thirty years brought the Orchestra level at high altitude. Sergei Rachmaninoff left a number of premieres of his works performed by this Orchestra, which according to him knew no equal. In 1936 Eugene Ormandy conducting the Philadelphia Orchestra for the first time. He would remain the Chief conductor from 1938 to 1981. Stokowski made with the Orchestra in 1940 shooting the famous Disney film Fantasia. The Italian conductor Riccardo Muti was from 1981 to 1992 the successor of Ormandy.Wolfgang Sawallisch was the Chief conductor from 1992 to 2002. In 2003, Christoph Eschenbach as new Chief conductor.
The orchestra played a long time in the building of the American Academy of Music. Since the end of 2001, the Kimmel Center for the Performing Arts home to the Orchestra. Under Stokowski and Ormandy was born the so-called Philadelphia Sound, a concept difficult to characterize. Characteristic is the warm and sensual strings sound. For years, one could recognize the Orchestra especially to the play of the solo-oboistJohn de Lancie, who requested are Richard Strauss oboe concert wrote.