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Summertime is an aria from the opera Porgy and Bess (1935). The song grew from the end of the 1930s into a classic among both jazz-, bluespop fansas. Summertimewas written by George Gershwin (music) and DuBose Heyward (text). The text is partially derived from the traditional All my trials.

Ira Gershwin was the main lyricist for Porgy and Bess, but he has not contributed to Summertime , although its name from business considerations by ASCAP stated.DuBose Heyward was the author of the novel Porgy, on which the opera is based. Only when the collaboration with Heyward, George Gershwin his brother Ira switched failure in as librettist.

As the opera begins as Clara Summertime Lullaby for her baby sings. The melody returns back again several times afterwards.

Summertime and the living is easy Fish are jumpin' and the cotton is high Your Daddy's rich and your Mama's good lookin' So hush little baby now, don't you cry.

Summertime (Gershwin/Heyward)

The melody start as follows: [1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17]


[hide]*Instruments 1


The original is an opera aria, sung by a (mezzo-) soprano accompanied by a symphonic Orchestra and a choir. Today the Summertime Connection performances in such different styles like ska, South American (all rhythms), rock, housemixes in all shapes, all styles of jazz of dixieland to bop and so-called improvised music.

Every conceivable instrument has already been used (we make here mention the first recording ever on a tool): from garden hose (Noguru Hata on Dutch tv), cow horn (Bengt Jonsson) and musical saw (Matthew Beckman) to traditional Korean flute (Lee Sang Gang), theremin (Lydia Kavina), carillon (Piet van den Broek), bamboo saxophone (Arthur Mary on 4 June 2007 in Budapest) and handbells (Rhapsody).

On 23 July 2007, Stone Jazz (a Korean formation) a performance of Summertime given where the haegm (Korean violin); the piri (Korean oboe) and the gayagm (Korean harp) are combined with piano, bass and drum.

In 2007, the Chinese 12 Girls Band at a concert in Shanghai with guest singer Lila Downs also Summertime on the pipaamong more., the guzhengerhu, the the yang qin and the dizi used.

Also mention can stay the execution in 2007 on the hydraulophone (water pipe organ flute) by the inventor of this instrument, Steve Mann.

There are about 25 six-string electric cello 's there is in this world and in the hands of Jennifer Adams, who along with her husband the duo Montana Skies is. She plays her instrument standing and has now recorded a version of Summertime in 2006.

The dulzaina is a traditional Castilian instrument, which as a precursor of the oboe can be considered. In January 2008, Samuel Brogeras Summertime on this instrument.

Also any style of singing is recorded: a capella 's karaoke and doowop through to large mixed choirs, but also a performance in a pool because the extra echo was needed.


For the first time In 1935 made it public knowledge with Summertime. In that year, Porgy and Bess premiered and also became the first plate version of Summertime recorded by Helen Jepson with choir and Orchestra conducted by Alexander Smallens. The very oldest recording by Abbie Mitchell, on piano accompanied by Gershwin himself, is a rehearsal recording from July 1935 that decades later came and above water until 1991 on cd was released. Abbie Mitchell played the role of Clara in the very first performances of Porgy and Bess. The success of the opera came only slowly. It took until the 1950s for Porgy and Bess was regarded as a classic. Summertime was by now, by the cover versions by Billie Holiday, among others, Caspar ReardonMaxine SullivanSidney Bechet and Jerry Kruger has become a jazz standardSam Cookes version from 1957 is probably the first version that can be classified as pop . In later years made under more Billy Stewart and Janis Joplin sure Summertime except as a jazz version of "also is considered. Also the Dutch bandBrainbox in 1969 has a hit with a rock arrangement of this song.

Sandra Reemer Sleep soft on in 1963 took-probably the first English version of Gershwins classic.

Jazz Interpretations[Edit]Edit


Summertime is originally written in English, but it has since been performed in many languages. The Summertime Connection knows and has performances in (at any language any artist):

Quartet cabaret-style Okazjonalny from Poland has a trilingual version included with the stereotypes of the three languages mentioned.

There is even a text in English as ' Invitation to communion and/or Agnus Dei ' by David Lee with the title Bread is Broken, but this is not never carried out.

Radio 2 Top 2000[Edit]Edit

Number (s) with markings

in the Radio 2 Top 2000

' 99 ' 00 ' 01 ' 02 ' 03 ' 04 ' 05 ' 06 ' 07 ' 08 ' 09 ' 10 ' 11 ' 12 ' 13
Summertime (Billie Holiday) 562 - 1012 789 547 776 859 1151 812 827 1293 1118 1194 1800 1837
Summertime (Ella Fitzgerald & Louis Armstrong) - - - - - - - 978 900 1660 1311 1152 1139 1146 1012
Summertime (Billy Stewart) - 1527 1952 1947 - - - - - - - - - - -
Summertime (Brainbox) 289 229 252 279 345 315 278 347 333 308 410 373 442 772 724

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